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 Alexander the Great, the greatest leader of all time

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مُساهمةموضوع: Alexander the Great, the greatest leader of all time   الأربعاء نوفمبر 03, 2010 3:15 am

In the name of God the Merciful




Alexander the Great, the greatest leader of all time




Alexander III (Μέγας Ἀλέξανδρος Migas Olexandros Greek) Alexander the Great or Alexander the Great:

Governor of Macedonia, compelling the Persian Empire, and one of the smartest and greatest warlords throughout the ages.


Reflect the image of Alexander in a war
Sculpture of the head Alaxanderold Alexander in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. I'm Philip II, king of Macedonia and the son of Princess Princess Olympias Cypress (Epirus). Aristotle was a private tutor of Alexander. Where trained by a comprehensive training in the art of rhetoric and literature and stimulated the interest in science, medicine and philosophy. In the summer (336 BC) was assassinated Philip II Vaatly the throne his son, Alexander found himself surrounded by enemies and threatened him with mutiny and disobedience from the outside. Thou shalt be saved directly from the conspirators and enemies from the inside sentencing them to death. He then moved to Thessaly (Thessaly), where he received his allies there on the independence and control. And the restoration of power in Macedonia. Before the end of the summer (336 BC), re-established his position in Greece was chosen by Congress in Corinth (Corinth) leader.

In (335) and the Army of Greece governor and commander of the campaign against the Persians, and as it was planned by his father. The successful campaign to Nahla Danuba In return crush in one week who were threatening the security of Alerans (Illyrians) through Butibis (Thebes), which Tmrdtaalih where he smashed everything in except the temples and the house of hair Greek Pindar (Pindar) and the deportation of the population survivors and they were about 8,000 to Slaveri (slavery). Alexander's promptness in crushing the revolt was a lesson Elly other Greek states were quick to declare instant and abject submission.

Alexander began his war against the Persians in the spring of 334 BC, where cross-Helespont (Hellespont) modern Dardanelles) with an army of 35,000 Macedonian and officers of the Greek forces, including Antejwas first (Antigonus I) and Ptolemy I, as well Celikos (Seleucus I) by the river Jranyias near of the ancient city of Troy, he met an army of Persians and Greek slaves who were captured in wars and they were about 40,000 have been crushed as the Persians and the ancient writings Sher lost only 110 men. After the war became fierce in control of all the states of Asia Minor and while transiting Mishqia (Phrygia) said that he cut with his sword "The Jordan Knott" (Gordian knot.).

Continuing to advance southward, Alexander encountered the Persian army, commanded by King Darius III (Darius III) in the Asus (Issus), in northeastern Syria. Was not known how many Army Darius number 500,000 men, but this number is considered by historians as exaggerated. Asus Eee in battle in 333 BC ended in a great victory for Alexander defeated Darius and defeat, he fled north, leaving his mother and his wife, his children and treated them as Alexander the good treatment and close to Kings for the Treatment of novels by what you say. Provided the city of Teri (Tyre) fortified naval resistance strong and stable before Alexander, but that Alexander invaded after a siege of seven months in the year 334 BC took over Gaza and then to Egypt where he was greeted as a savior, and this success, he secured control of the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea. In 332 found at the head of the Nile River city of Alexandria (named after his name later), which became the capital of the scientific, literary and business of the Greek world. Serine (Cyrene) the ancient capital of the Kingdom of North Africa (Sernasia) underwent later is the other and so have expanded the rule to Carthaginian territory.

In the spring of 331 by Alexander the pilgrimage to the great temple and oracle gods of the sun Amun - Ra (Amon-Ra) Zeus (Zeus) to Greece, where the ancient Egyptians thought that they are sons of the sun god Amun - Ra (Amon-Ra), as well as was the case with the ruling New Egypt Alexander the Great that the pilgrimage, which has borne fruit and it became a son to his family and to his belief that the divine origins. Return to the north again, re-Tertin forces in Teri (Tyre) with an army of 40,000 infantry and 7,000 cavalry crossing the Tigris (Tigris) and Euphrates rivers (Euphrates) and met Darius (Darius) at the top of Jsc of about a million men, according to exaggerations in the ancient writings. Have been able to overcome this army defeated in the Battle of Gaugamela (Battle of Gaugamela) in one of October in 331 BC.

Darius fled as he had done in (Issus), and is said that y 'Bh in the post by one of his own satraps. Besieged city of Babylon (Babylon) after a battle (Gaugamela) and also the city of Susa (Susa) and the enormous treasure which 'occupied later, and then in half the winter, Alexander went to Persepolis (Persepolis), capital of the Persians. Where the occupation and after the looting of property and wealth to take the spoils by burning the entire city during the binge drinking. In this latest sweep carried out by Alexander became his control extends to the back of the beaches south of the Caspian Sea (Caspian), including modern Afghanistan and Baluchistan and north of Bactria (Bactria) and Sokadiana (Sogdiana) is now western Turkestan and Central Asia as well known. It had taken Alexander only three years of the spring 337 to spring 330 to occupy this vast area. In order to complete his conquest of the remnants of the Persian Empire, which included part of western India, across the River Indus (Indus River) in 326 BC and occupied so Bangba (Punjab) that bring the river Haifaces (Hyphasis) and now called Pease (Beās) and when this point the Macedonians rebelled against Alexander and Alastmlrar with him so he refused to build another army then sailed to the Arabian Gulf and then returned overland across the desert Media (Media) lack of food and drink, where it lost a number of his forces there. Alexander spent about a year and is organized and Mkttath Sitlr count areas in the Arabian Gulf region to prepare for a possible attack soon.

Alexander arrived in Babylon (Babylon) in the spring of 323 BC and in June hit a high fever died on impact, leaving a great empire, and was succeeded by a broad and vague as a whole "to the strongest" (to the strongest) led to severe conflicts that lasted for nearly half a century.

Alexander was one of the greatest generals of all time, describing Ktktiki and skillful commander, and that the user the ability to occupy all those wide open spaces for a brief period. He was brave and generous, cruel and ruthless when politics demanded it. As mentioned in the old history books that he was addicted to alcohol is said to have killed his closest friends Cletus (Clitus) drink at a party where he regrets that a great remorse for what he did with his friend. They described as a wisdom, according to what historians say that he was seeking to build a world based on brotherhood uniting the East with the West and one in the empire. He trained thousands of Persian youths in Macedonian and appointed in his army, and built his own habits and traditions of the Persians and married women Orientals them Rxana (Roxana), who died in 311 BC. M daughter Okseerats (Oxyartes) that have a direct blood link (to Darius), and encouraged army officers and soldiers to marry women from the Persians.

Before dying shortly Alexander the Greeks is glorifying and worshiping Him as God, and returned for political reasons, but this decision was soon repealed after his death. The most important thing done by entering the city of Alexandria (which was named after him) and changed radically change where ever her special attention and were ready to place the strategic good and abundant water, where I approached her in the custody of traders, students and scholars, and all groups and these achievements have become the Greek language and a wide Prevalence and control of the world's languages.
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Alexander the Great, the greatest leader of all time
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